Karate is a martial art originating in the Japanese territory referred to as the Ryukyu Islands. It contains a number of techniques including punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes and open-handed techniques such as for example knife-hands and ridge-hands. Grappling, locks, throws, and point strikes are also taught in some styles and in some schools. Karate students are now and again called a karateka.
Karate began as a fighting system referred to as “ti.” After trade relationships were established with the Ming dynasty of China by King Satto of Chkzan in late 14th century, various forms of Chinese martial arts were slowly introduced to the Ryukyu Islands by the visitors from China.
A group of Chinese families moved to Okinawa near the end of the 14th century where they established the Kumemura community and shared their understanding of a wide variety of Chinese arts and sciences, such as the Chinese martial arts.
The centralization of governance and authority in Okinawa by King Shō Hashi in the first 1 / 2 of the 15th century and the policy of banning of weapons that has been enforced in Okinawa after the invasion of the Shimazu clan, were also contributing factors that furthered the development of unarmed combat systems in Okinawa.
Each teachers taught a specific kata in addition to differing techniques and principles that distinguished their local version from that of others.